Frequenty Asked Questions
FaQs. General Information
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What is the difference between CBD and THC?
Though they’re both found in a cannabis plant—meaning either hemp or marijuana—using CBD (full name: cannabidiol) is a far cry from smoking weed. Like THC (or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD is a cannabinoid—a molecule that helps the functioning of our endocannabinoid system, which regulates our mood, sleep cycle, inflammation, immune response, and more. But unlike THC, CBD isn’t intoxicating. In other words- CBD can’t get you high.
“They both are relatively safe, but CBD is arguably safer. It won’t affect your motor skills or cognition, so you can use CBD and still drive your car or get through a day at the office without causing coworkers to raise an eyebrow. Also, while the THC in a joint, vape pen, or gummy might leave you feeling paranoid, CBD is an anxiolytic (meaning it nixes anxiety) and antipsychotic.
Is CBD legal?
Yes and no. Legality is a complex topic because it depends on where your CBD product comes from. CBD is legal at the federal level only if it’s derived from U.S.-grown hemp that has a license and permit under the Farm Bill; if yours is flown in from overseas or is derived from the marijuana plant, it’s technically not federally legal. (A cannabis plant is either hemp or marijuana, depending on how much THC is in it. Hemp has 0.3 percent THC or less by weight when harvested, while marijuana has more than 0.3 percent THC by weight and is still federally illegal.)
Making it more complicated: Some states have restricted CBD sales, so even if your product was derived from federally legal hemp, its legality where you live does vary by state. There’s a chance that you might run into law enforcement who’s not up-to-date on the bill and arrest you for possessing it—but it’s unlikely.
How do I use CBD?
There are tons of CBD products on the market, from lotions you rub on to capsules you swallow and tinctures you drop under your tongue. All these are made similarly: By extracting CBD, or cannabidiol, from a cannabis plant and then diluting it with a carrier, such as coconut oil. The way you choose to use it is totally a matter of preference and might require some experimentation.
You can’t OD on CBD, but the dosage is personal- more does not necessarily mean better. When figuring out your optimal dose, add a bit more every three days or so and see how you respond. If you get to a point where you don’t feel any extra benefit (or feel worse), you’ve gone too far; dial it back a bit the next day.
Tinctures: In some products, 10mg is a few drops; in others, it’s a whole milliliter. Put the oil under your tongue and hold it there (no swallowing!) until it absorbs.
Orally (e.g., popping a pill), you’re going to need more, because you lose a bit of the active ingredients to something called first-pass-metabolism by the liver. A pill with 15 or 20 mg of CBD might be comparable to 10 mg of a tincture. Also, keep in mind that oral ingestion results in a delayed onset, so wait an hour or two before adding any more, especially if there’s THC in there.
Topicals: which are a great option for eczema, burns, or other skin conditions, dosage depends on the concentration of the product, but generally just apply a small amount, as needed. Topicals also can help with headaches or migraines if you apply them at the onset.
Whenever you’re starting out with a new product, the best time to try it is right before bed—just in case it makes you drowsy. Even if it doesn’t, you’re pretty much guaranteed a good night’s sleep.
Can I vape CBD?
Yes, and it may be your best bet if you’re hoping to achieve quick pain relief. Of all the options for taking CBD, vaping has the most rapid onset; you’ll feel its effects within minutes. Some people use CBD daily for the prevention of a migraine, but if they feel one coming on, vaping might be a good way to get an almost immediate CBD delivery to abort a migraine quickly.
One caveat: Most vaporizers use either propylene glycol or vegetable glycerin (PG or VG). Those are added ingredients used as carrier oils, and unfortunately, we don’t know yet whether they’re safe to vaporize. If immediate pain relief isn’t a priority, another option, like a tincture, cream, or capsule (which take longer to set in), might be the safer way to go.
How much CBD should I use?
The perfect dose varies from person to person. It also depends on a few things—the first being whether you’re using an isolate or full-spectrum product. Isolate products are pure CBD while full-spectrum products contain multiple cannabinoids and oils, vitamins, and more natural compounds. With full-spectrum products, you need a lower dose—and that might prevent drug interactions and will be easier on your liver.
Your ideal dosage also varies based on how you’re taking it—you’ll need less from a tincture than a capsule, for instance, because tinctures have greater bioavailability (meaning more gets into your bloodstream and causes an effect).
But as a general rule? Start low and go slow, more isn’t always better. Start with 10 mg worth of active ingredients a couple of hours before bed. Each day, you can increase the amount slightly and take note of how you feel; dial it back when you don’t feel any extra benefit (or even feel a little worse) from additional milligrams. The sweet spot will likely be between 10 and 40 mg a day.
What are the side effects of CBD?
Unlike smoking a joint, using CBD won’t leave you with a giggling fit or the munchies. It can, however, make you sleepy. The most common side effect is drowsiness, so don’t take it for the first time and get behind the wheel or head into a big presentation. Wait to see how your body responds, just in case. In some cases, CBD can exacerbate heartburn or lead to mild allergic reactions, such as hives (though this is likely a reaction to the carrier oil added to the CBD). Using CBD can also cause diarrhea or a change in appetite or weight.
All that being said, if you’re taking CBD for a condition like anxiety or epilepsy, the potential drawbacks are generally milder or less of a nuisance than the side effects you might expect from traditional medical treatments.
The real concern when it comes to side effects is whether or not the CBD in your medicine cabinet is legitimate. You first need to find out if it’s even real CBD, as synthetic can be dangerous. Then look into how the plants are grown, how the product is manufactured, and what quality assurance tests the brand conducts to ensure safety and the elimination of pesticides, chemicals, microbes, and molds. It’s an unregulated industry, and there’s a lot of great branding and marketing out there, but unfortunately, transparency is rare and not knowing what you’re getting is common. Usually, that risk just means wasting your money, but it could be harmful, if there are dangerous chemicals in there, for example. Contact the company with these questions; any reputable brand will be willing to provide customers with all these details.
How long is CBD in my system?
As a general rule, CBD should be out of your system in less than a week after you stop using it. But it varies from person to person, and the longer and more frequently you’ve taken it, the longer it’ll take to get out of your body. Here’s why: it’s lipophilic, meaning it dissolves in fats and compounds in your body over time. That’s a good thing when you’re looking to prevent pain or alleviate anxiety, as the compounded levels boost the health benefits. But yes, it will make the CBD take longer to leave your system if you decide to stop using it.
Can I take CBD every day?
Not only can you, but for the best effects, in most cases, you actually should take CBD on a daily basis. You can’t overdose on CBD, and it’s lipophilic (or fat-soluble), which means it compounds in your body over time, adding to potential health benefits.
Still, less is more, because CBD is metabolized through the same pathway in your liver as many common prescriptions and OTC meds. For that reason, sticking with full-spectrum products (which contain multiple cannabinoids and oils, vitamins, and more natural compounds) as opposed to isolate products, which are pure CBD is recommended. With full-spectrum products, you need a lower dose—and that might prevent drug interactions. (Drug interactions are pretty uncommon, especially at low doses, but can occur with some commonly used ones, such as SSRIs and blood thinners.) Plus, with smaller doses, you’ll avoid stressing out your liver.
There’s some evidence out there that CBD can adversely affect a damaged liver, and there’s other evidence that shows it can be helpful—it seems to depend on the underlying cause of liver damage. If you already have liver issues, talk with your doc, keep a close eye on your dosage, and be sure to monitor hepatic enzymes every three months.
What drugs should I not combine with CBD?
The bad news: Your body metabolizes CBD through a pathway in your liver known as CYP 450, where enzymes break up potentially harmful compounds—and it’s the same pathway in your liver that metabolizes most common prescriptions and over-the-counter medicines.
The good news: You likely aren’t taking a high enough dose of CBD that it will cause an adverse reaction with any other medications you might be taking. To lower your risk, even more, make sure the CBD you’re using is a full-spectrum product rather than an isolate, so you can get the same benefits at a lower dose. Also, opt for a product that's not oral, as capsules involve a first pass through the liver that tinctures and other products don’t.
Talk with your doctor before combining CBD with any drugs you’re already on, especially if you take blood thinners or antidepressants.
How long does CBD take to work?
How fast your CBD takes effect totally depends on what form you’re using. Need to kick an acute ache, like a migraine, ASAP? Try vaping or sublingual strips. Vaporizing CBD has the fastest delivery—you should feel the effects set in within mere minutes.
If your needs are not quite so urgent, you might opt for a tincture; you’ll still feel the effects soon—usually within 20 minutes to an hour—since the liquid quickly absorbs into your bloodstream after you drop it under your tongue. This usage allows the CBD to bypass the first pass through your liver that capsules require before you feel their effects.
If you use CBD daily for preventative reasons and don’t need quick relief, an oral product might be for you. They take the longest to onset (at least an hour or two), but they're a good option for people who don’t like the taste of tinctures and want the convenience of capsules.
Will CBD help my skin?
CBD can help clear up and calm down your skin in a few ways. For one, it works by relieving stress, which happens whether you take CBD orally or topically.
It also helps cell turnover, which can improve acne-prone skin and brighten your complexion. Plus, because of its potent inflammatory properties, CBD can even lessen overactive sebum production and breakouts and can reduce the frequency and severity of eczema and psoriasis flares.
You can even use it in place of hand sanitizer in a pinch. CBD is naturally antimicrobial and can help kill some nasty germs. How well a CBD product kills germs does depend on how concentrated it is, so check with the manufacturer before relying on it. Also, keep in mind that CBD has only been shown to protect against gram-positive bacteria, such as staph and strep—not against gram-negative bacteria, like E. coli. So you shouldn’t rely on it for keeping you totally bug-free.
Can CBD lower my anxiety?
Nixing your nerves is one of the top reasons people are turning to CBD products (along with lessening pain and helping to sleep). There’s still research to be done on how exactly it works to calm anxiety, but one thing we do know is that it blocks an enzyme called FAAH, which works to lower a fatty-acid neurotransmitter called anandamide.
For the non-scientists among us, by blocking FAAH, CBD can help increase your level of anandamide. And that’s a big deal when you’re looking for a mood boost. This neurotransmitter (the same one that leads to the elusive runner’s high) is named after the Sanskrit word for joy, bliss, or happiness.
Bonus: If CBD is easing your aches or increasing your ZZZs, that might in turn leave you feeling even more relaxed.
Does CBD relieve pain?
Along with improvements in sleep and mood, chronic aches are the main reason people are turning to CBD. That’s because cannabidiol is an anti-inflammatory agent. In other words, it helps reduce the inflammation causing the pain, rather than reducing your perception of pain. For example - Percocet will just make you feel like you don’t have pain while CBD will get at the root cause. CBD also helps nix pain because it’s an antioxidant itself, increases our own natural antioxidants, and works on serotonin receptors.
While all that combines to mean CBD has magical pain-slashing properties for certain aches, it’s not ideal for every kind. It’s a great, effective therapeutic option for chronic pain and pain prevention (e.g. frequent headaches, ongoing back pain that’s lasted more than a week). But if you have an acute injury, like a broken bone, CBD is not going to be a substitute for morphine in the hospital; those really strong narcotic painkillers have their place.
That said, if you’re dealing with chronic pain and are already on medication for it, talk with your doctor about combining those traditional meds with CBD. We also know that CBD is effective with pain and it’s safe to use with opioids—plus, it can help with withdrawal symptoms as you lower opioid use. There’s pretty good data that CBD can be a treatment for substance abuse disorders, and as such should be motivated to use something that’s safer and doesn’t have the risk of dependency or overdose.
What is Delta 8-THC?
Delta 8-THC or Delta 8-Tetrahydrocannabinol is a new, cutting-edge cannabinoid (derived from Hemp) that carries psychoactive effects and euphoric feelings associated with the typical properties associated with cannabis use. Additionally, Delta 8-THC is known for its anti-nausea, anti-anxiety, appetite-stimulating, and stress-reducing properties.
What is Delta 9-THC?
Delta 9-THC or Delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol is the traditional version of THC and is the active ingredient in the Marijuana plant. This cannabinoid is responsible for the psychoactive effects experienced after consuming a marijuana product and is currently federally illegal and illegal in most states.
What is the difference in legality between Delta 8-THC and Delta 9-THC?
Delta 8-THC is fully federally legal and legal in 38 states, while Delta 9-THC is federally illegal and illegal in most states. Both Delta 8-THC and Delta 9-THC produce euphoric psychoactive effects on users and carry a wide variety of medical and recreational benefits.
What makes Delta 8-THC the superior form of THC?
Delta 8-THC is superior to the traditional and illegal Delta 9-THC because it carries basically every benefit and effect of Delta 9-THC but is fully federally legal and legal in 38 states in the United States.
How is Delta 8-THC legal to produce and sell in the USA?
Since products contain only Delta 8-THC made from 100% Hemp extract, companies are able to fully legally manufacture, distribute and sell to consumers in the United States. Thanks to the 2018 Farm Bill, ratified and signed into law in December 2018, Cannabis containing less than 0.3% Delta 9-THC is legally classified as Hemp and thus is legal for all intents and purposes under federal law. Let’s also not forget, THC itself isn’t federally illegal, only specifically Delta 9-THC is.
What is the difference between CBD and THC?
The difference between CBD (Cannabidiol) and THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) is that CBD doesn’t carry the psychoactive effects that THC does. CBD can be used for numerous health reasons but it will never give the consumer the psychoactive effects that Delta 8 and Delta 9 would provide. THC carries most, if not all benefits of CBD, but also introduces the “high” euphoric feeling which can be hugely beneficial for many users.
What does “Hemp-Derived THC” mean?
“Hemp-Derived THC” means that the THC is entirely produced from Hemp. Under the 2018 Farm Bill, which clarifies that “Hemp” is any cannabis plant containing less than 0.3% Delta 9-THC, Hemp is federally legal for all purposes under federal law. Marijuana or any cannabis plant containing more than 0.3% Delta 9-THC is not used in any “Hemp-Derived THC” product.
Is Delta 8 legal in my state?
Alabama, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming.
How old do you have to be to purchase Delta 8-THC?
While there are no federal regulations setting the minimum age required to purchase Delta 8-THC, there are several state regulations mandating that consumers must be 21 years or older to purchase. For this reason, you must be 21 years or older to purchase any products both online and in-store.
Is it legal to have Delta 8-THC sent through the mail?
Delta 8-THC can be sent through the United States Postal Service (USPS) legally. Thanks to a clarification published in the USPS regulations, Hemp products (just like Delta 8-THC) can safely and legally be shipped within the United States.